Substance Use Disorder
26 May, 2015
Eating Disorder
26 May, 2015

Anxiety Disorder

What is an anxiety disorder?
All persons feel anxiety at some point. Anxiety can be very useful to help a person avoid dangerous situations and encourage people to resolve daily issues. Anxiety may range in severity from a mild concern to a terrible panic attack.  It can also vary in time duration from minutes to years.  Anxiety disorders often begin in childhood, adolescence, or early age.  The average age of onset is 11 years old.

Physical symptoms:

  • Cardiovascular: palpitations, chest pain, rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure
  • Respiratory: hyperventilation, difficulty breathing
  • Neurological: dizziness, headache, sweat, numbness, and tingling
  • Gastrointestinal: suffocation, dry mouth, stomachaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation
  • Musculoskeletal: muscle pain in the neck, shoulders, and back, restlessness, trembling, inability to relax


Psychological symptoms of anxiety:
Excessive, unrealistic fear, and concerns about past and future events. Overactive mind or your mind goes blank. Reduced concentration and memory, irritability, impatience, indecisiveness, anxiety, anger, confusion, feeling of being on edge, fatigue, sleep disorder, intense dreams.


Symptoms of behavior:
Avoids dealing with situations, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, does not feel at ease in social activities, phobic behaviors.


What should I do if I am anxious?
Seek professional help; research shows that both medications and therapies are effective in anxiety treatment.  Some strategies may be relaxation, exercise, self-help books, and meditation, among others.

Useful resources:
Book: Bourne E. (2005), The Anxiety and Phobia Workbook.
ASSMCA: 787-763-7575
Línea PAZ: 1-800-981-0023, 1-888-672-7622