Educational Material

26 May, 2015

Eating Disorder

What are eating disorders? The majority of people with eating disorders tend to be distressed with concerns of feeling overweight or physically unattractive.  Eating disorders have to do with food, weight, vanity, or willpower, but its seriousness consist in that it represents a potential threat to life and to mental health.  The majority of eating disorders occur when a person has a negative or distorted self-image, thoughts, and emotions related to the body or persistent erroneous ideas about weight and appearance.  This disorder is more common in women than in men.  The average age of onset in the disorder is between 18-20 years of age. Anxiety, irritability, or substance abuse problems often accompany this disorder.  A person with an eating disorder can go through a wide range of physical and psychological health problems.  Eating disorders frequently combine with depression, anxiety, and substance use. Serious consequences to health include severe malnutrition, […]
26 May, 2015

Anxiety Disorder

What is an anxiety disorder? All persons feel anxiety at some point. Anxiety can be very useful to help a person avoid dangerous situations and encourage people to resolve daily issues. Anxiety may range in severity from a mild concern to a terrible panic attack.  It can also vary in time duration from minutes to years.  Anxiety disorders often begin in childhood, adolescence, or early age.  The average age of onset is 11 years old. Physical symptoms: Cardiovascular: palpitations, chest pain, rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure Respiratory: hyperventilation, difficulty breathing Neurological: dizziness, headache, sweat, numbness, and tingling Gastrointestinal: suffocation, dry mouth, stomachaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation Musculoskeletal: muscle pain in the neck, shoulders, and back, restlessness, trembling, inability to relax   Psychological symptoms of anxiety: Excessive, unrealistic fear, and concerns about past and future events. Overactive mind or your mind goes blank. Reduced concentration and memory, irritability, impatience, indecisiveness, […]
26 May, 2015

Substance Use Disorder

What is a substance use disorder? Different substances affect the brain in different ways.  Substance use disorder causes work, school, health, legal, and family problems.  The use of alcohol, drugs or other psychoactive substances does not necessarily mean that the person suffers from a substance abuse disorder.  Substance use tends to appear in adolescence or early adulthood and the average onset age is 20 years old.  About 75% of the people develop substance use disorder before age 27.  It is more common in men than in women.  Substance use disorders often occur in combination with mood, anxiety, and psychotics disorders.  Persons with mood or anxiety disorders are two or three times more likely to have substance use disorders. Symptoms: Dependence and substance abuse are not the same, since substance abuse, which includes alcohol can go unnoticed, but it requires treatment. Dependency: the body craves the substance Tolerance: the person requires […]
26 May, 2015

Depression

What is depression? The word depression is used in different ways. People feel sad or melancholic when bad things happen to them. However, the blues or everyday sadness are not considered a depression disorder.  Everyone can have a state of depressed mood in the short-term, but we managed and soon we recover without treatment.  A major depression disorder lasts at least two weeks and affects a person’s ability to work, carry out the day-to-day activities, and have satisfactory interpersonal relations.  The average age of onset of depression is 32 years of age.  Depression often combines with anxiety or substance use disorders.  This is more common in women than in men. Once a person has a depression event is more likely to have other depression episodes. Depression signs and symptoms: A clinically depressed person would have at least two of the following symptoms for at least two weeks almost every day. […]